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Editor Jefe:
Fco. José Maldonado Hódar

Editores:
Miguel Montes
INCAR Oviedo
Patricia Álvarez
INCAR Oviedo
Olga Guerrero
Universidad de Málaga)
Jorge Bedia
Universidad Autónoma Madrid
M. Ángeles Lillo-Ródenas
Universidad de Alicante
Manuel Sánchez-Polo
Universidad de Granada
Isabel Suelves
ICB-CSIC, Zaragoza
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 Existen 44 boletines.


BOL. GRUPO ESPAÑOL CARBÓN, 44, 2017
 

Editorial

pp. 1

René Rangel Méndez, F.J. Maldonado-Hódar

En este volumen del Boletín del Grupo Español del Carbón (BGEC) se incluyen una serie de trabajos de investigación, que junto a los publicados en el volumen anterior del BGEC (Volumen 43/ Marzo 2017), fueron presentados en el Primer Congreso de la Asociación Mexicana de Carbono (AMEXCarb2015), el cual se llevó a cabo del 10 al 13 de noviembre de 2015 en las instalaciones del Instituto Potosino de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica A. C. (IPICyT), localizado en San Luis Potosí, S.L.P., México. ...


Covalent functionalization of fullerene C60 bearing fulleren[60]isoxazolines as potential ligands to transition metals.
Funcionalización covalente de fulereno C60 para formar fuleren[60]isoxazolinas como ligantes potenciales a metales de transición

pp. 2-7

A. Hernández-Calva, M. Arroyo, A. Ramírez-Monroy

Abstract: Chemistry and functionalization of fullerene C60 are focused primarily on its remarkable electron acceptor character, leading to the synthesis of a variety of chemically modified fullerenes with functional groups which serve as bridges to coordination and organometallic donor complexes. ...


Antistatic films based on polymer nanocomposites
Novedosas películas antiestáticas a partir de nanocompuestos

pp. 8-9

J. Valdez-Garza, C. Ávila-Orta, V. Cruz-Delgado, P. González-Morones, G. Hurtado-López, M. Waldo-Mendoza, Z. Quiñones-Jurado, J. Pérez-Medina

Abstract: Accumulation of electric charge on a surface is known as static electricity, a common phenomenon in plastics due to its isolating nature. This phenomenon represents a problem in packaging films since the charge can be released in a violent manner or dust particles can be attached to the film decreasing its appearance....


Study and characterization of MWCNT / Nafion interface in the presence of different electrochemical probes
Estudio y caracterización de la interfase MWCNT/Nafión en presencia de diferentes sondas electroquímicas

pp. 10-14

A.A. Arrocha Arcos, M. Miranda Hernández

Abstract: In this paper the optimization of the composition of film electrodes using MWCNT and Nafion is reported. It is shown that the amount of Nafion is important to achieve a stable film. The electrochemical characterization of these electrodes in different electrolytes such as [Fe(CN)6]3-, Ru(NH3)63+ and ascorbic acid (AA) was carried out and the electroactive area was up to four times the geometric area. ...


Bioreactors packed with activated carbon fibers as redox mediators in the anaerobic biotransformation of 4-Nitrophenol to 4-Aminophenol
Bioreactores empacados con fibras de carbón activado como mediadores redox en la biotransformación anaerobia de 4-Nitrofenol hacia 4-Aminofenol

pp. 15-17

H. J. Amezquita-Garcia1, J .R. Rangel-Mendez, F. J. Cervantes, E. Razo-Flores

Abstract: The role of functional groups on the surface of activated carbons is of great interest in biological redox processes because they could improve the rate of biotransformation of toxic compounds and reduce costs of water treatment. In this study, we used activated carbon fibers (ACFs) as biological supports and redox mediators for the continuous biotransformation of 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) to 4-aminophenol (4-AP). ...


One pot synthesis of carbon microspheres decorated with metal nanoparticles
"One pot" síntesis de microesferas de carbono decoradas con nanopartículas metálicas

pp. 18-22

S. Acevedo, J. Arévalo, E. Plaza, Ramos. M, R. Atencio, Rodríguez. A, R. Le Parc

Abstract: The preparation of metal nanoparticles (nickel, cobalt, iron and silver) decorated on the shell of carbon microspheres (CMS) is reported. Through a simple one-pot hydrothermal method using a starch solution, gave MSC (diameter 1–5μm), which consist of a hydrophobic core with a hydrophilic shell due to the presence of oxygen containing functional groups. The samples were characterized with SEM, X-ray, Raman, TGA and FT-IR. ...


Reseña Tesis. Advanced nanostructured carbon materials for electrochemical energy storage devices: Supercapacitors and micro-capacitors

pp. 23-25

S. Leyva-García

Objectives and Novelty: The main objective of the work developed is the synthesis and characterization of advanced nanostructured carbon materials for energy storage applications. Four different topics have been studied: (i) electrochemical hydrogen storage on superporous activated carbons (ACs) ...


Reseña Tesis. Reseña Tesis. CO2 Valorization by electrochemical reduction using catalysts supported on nanostructured carbon materials

pp. 26-28

S. Pérez-Rodríguez

Objectives and Novelty: CO2 reutilization by the electrochemical route is a well-known possibility for the valorization of CO2-rich gas streams, leading to the production of valuable chemicals and fuels. The electrochemical reduction of CO2 has been widely studied on bulk metals suspended in different electrolytes ...

 

Reseña Tesis. Coal combustion by chemical looping with oxygen uncoupling (clou) using cu-based oxygen carriers

pp. 29-31

Iñaki Adánez Rubio

Objectives and Novelty: The main objective of this thesis is to demonstrate the coal combustion with CO2 capture with a Cubased oxygen carrier in a continuous system with different solid fuels (coals of different rank and biomass). In this case, it is intended to use the capability of CuO to generate gaseous oxygen in contact with fuel at high temperature, according to the process called CLOU (Chemical Looping with Oxygen Uncoupling).. ...


Reseña Tesis. Carbon-based catalysts for oxidation and alcohol dehydration reactions

pp. 32-34

M. J. Valero Romero

Objectives and Novelty: Carbon materials have been used for a long time in heterogeneous catalysis since they can act as direct catalysts and they can satisfy most of the desirable properties required for a suitable support. However, the use of carbon materials in catalysis is limited since they would gasify to CO2 (or CO) in the presence of oxygen at relatively low temperatures ...


Reseña Tesis. Photochemical response of nanoporous carbons. Role as catalysts, photoelectrodes and additives to semiconductors

pp. 35-37

Alicia Gomis-Berenguer

Objectives and Novelty: Research related to light energy conversion and storage continues to be a topic at the forefront of technology that is attracting the attention of scientists; particularly, solar light receives a high consideration due to its readily availability. Numerous approaches have been established to improve the photocatalytic activity of semiconductors (photocatalysts) limited by their low photonic efficiency under solar light ...


 

 
BOL. GRUPO ESPAÑOL CARBÓN, 43, 2017
 

Editorial

pp. 1

Asociación Mexicana de Carbono (AMEXCarb)

Agradezco al comité editorial del Boletín del Grupo Español de Carbón su atenta invitación para ser editor invitado en éste número especial, donde se publican algunos trabajos presentados en el Primer Congreso de la Asociación Mexicana de Carbono (AMEXCarb2015), el cual se llevó a cabo del 10 al 13 de noviembre de 2015 ...


Iron-modified carbon paste electrodes and their application as sensors in As(V) detection
Electrodos de pasta de carbón modificados con partículas de hierro y su aplicación como sensores en la detección de As(V)

pp. 2-6

E. Toral-Sánchez, J.R. Rangel-Méndez, L.F. Cházaro Ruiz

Abstract: The electrochemical detection of arsenic (V) [As(V)] was evaluated on a carbon paste electrode modified with iron hydro(oxide) particles in the presence of NaNO3 salt used as electrolytic media in the experiments. ...


Anchorage of lanthanum oxyhydroxides on activated carbon to increase its fluoride removal from water
Inmovilización de oxihidróxidos de lantano sobre carbón activado para incrementar su capacidad de remoción de fluoruros del agua

pp. 7-12

E. Vences-Alvarez, J. R. Rangel Méndez

Abstract: Fluoride is beneficial to humans health at a concentration of 0.7 mg L-1, but it is considered dangerous when ingested at concentrations above 1.5 mg L-1, which is the limit concentration recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) ...


Enzymatic degradation of nitrogen-doped multiwall carbon nanotubes
Degradación enzimática de nanotubos de carbono dopados con nitrógeno

pp. 13-16

G. Azuara-Tuexi, F. López-Urías, M. Quintana, E. Muñoz-Sandoval

Resumen: Es bien conocido que a la fecha la toxicidad de los nanotubos de carbono aún no está bien estudiada. Muy recientemente se estableció que los nanotubos de carbono llamados MWCNT-7 sean clasificados como posiblemente carcinogénicos para los humanos ...


Effect of pyrolysis temperature and microwave frequency on dielectric properties of lignocellulosic material used as carbon precursor
Efecto de la temperatura de pirólisis y la frecuencia de radiación de microondas en las propiedades dieléctricas de un residuo lignocelulósico usado como precursor de carbón

pp. 17-20

G. Durán-Jiménez, V. Hernández-Montoya, S. Kingman, T. Monti, E. Binner

Abstract: In the present work the determination of dielectric properties of one lignocellulosic waste used in the preparation of carbon was studied using the cavity perturbation method. Dependence of dielectric properties of material with respect to temperature and radiation frequency were analyzed from room temperature to 650 °C and at frequencies in the range of 396-2989 MHz. ...


Reseña Tesis. Alternative anodic materials for the development of sustainable lithium-ion batteries

pp. 21-23

N. Cuesta Pedrayes

Objetives and Novelty: Lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) are the most attractive and feasible alternative for the development of massive electrical energy storage systems to allow the implementation of renewable energy sources as well as the electric vehicle, thus contributing to the transition from an energy model based on fossil fuels to other more sustainable ...


Reseña Tesis Doctoral. Carbon nanofilaments from catalytic decompositon of methane-rich streams as precursors of graphenic materials

pp. 24-26

D. Torres

The catalytic decomposition of methane-rich streams such as natural gas or biogas is a viable alternative to conventional H2 or syngas production processes such as steam or dry methane reforming ...


Reseña Tesis Doctoral. Microwave-induced synthesis of carbon xerogels. Design of bespoke porous materials

pp. 27-29

N. Rey-Raap

Objectives and Novelty: Carbon xerogels are synthetic materials which have attracted a great interest over the last decades due to the possibility of tailoring their chemical and porous properties ...


 

 
BOL. GRUPO ESPAÑOL CARBÓN, 42, 2016
 

Editorial

pp. 1

Vicente Gómez Serrano

En la Universidad de Extremadura (UEx), la investigación en el amplio campo de los materiales carbonosos tuvo su comienzo en los primeros años de la década de los ochenta cuando los Profesores Ángel Linares Solano y Concepción Martínez de Lecea, en el breve periodo de tiempo que permanecieron en esta universidad ...


Preparation, characterization and study of morphology of activated carbon fibers
Preparación, caracterización y estudio morfológico de fibras de carbón activado

pp. 2-6

A. Macías-Garcíaa, M. Alexandre Francob, M. Alfaro Domíngueza, J. Martínez Naharroa, V. Encinas-Sáncheza

Abstract: Using kenaf as starting material, a study about the preparation and characterization of activated carbon fibers (ACFs) from long fibers was carried out. The carbonization products of kenaf fibers and ACFs were texturally characterized by N2 adsorption at -196 ºC, mercury porosimetry, and scanning electron microscopy ...


Activated carbons as catalyst in the synthesis of fine chemicals
Carbones activados como catalizadores en la síntesis de productos de alto valor añadido

pp. 7-10

C. J. Durán-Valle, R. C. Carvalho, D. Omenat-Morán, A. B. Botet-Jiménez

Abstract: The group of research Sustainable and Environmental Chemistry, part of the Extremadura System of Science and Technology, was established in 2006 bringing together researchers from various institutions in Extremadura related to research and innovation ...


Adsorción de fenol en disolución acuosa sobre carbones activados obtenidos a partir de huesos de cereza
Adsorption of phenol from aqueous solution by activated carbons derived from cherry stones

pp. 11-15

P.M. Álvarez, J. Jaramillo, V. Gómez-Serrano

Resumen: En este trabajo se han preparado carbones activados mediante activación física (con aire, dióxido de carbono y vapor de agua) a partir de huesos de cereza. Los carbones activados se han caracterizado desde el punto de vista textural (adsorción de nitrógeno a 77 K y porosimetría de mercurio) y químico (grupos superficiales de oxígeno y punto de carga cero) ...


Activated carbons developed in different activation conditions to improve nitrate adsorption performance

pp. 16-21

S. Román, B. Ledesma, M. E. Fernandez, G. V. Nunell, P. R. Bonelli, A. L. Cukierman

Abstract: The suitability of activated carbons (ACs) with dissimilar textural and surface chemistry characteristics was studied for nitrate removal, under different pH conditions. For this task, four ACs were used; two of them were manufactured by chemical and physical steam activation from orange peel and almond shell, while the other two were commercial adsorbents. It was found that both the precursor and activation methodology influence the adsorbents characteristics ...


Preparation of activated carbon-metal (hydr)oxide photocatalysts under different heating conditions. Chemical aspects
Preparación de fotocatalizadores carbón activado-(hydr) oxidos metálicos en diferentes condiciones de calentamiento. Aspectos químicos

pp. 22-26

A. Barroso-Bogeat, M. Alexandre-Franco, C. Fernández-González, V. Gómez-Serrano

Abstract: This study deals with the preparation of activated carbon (AC)-metal (hydr)oxide (MO) photocatalysts from commercial AC and Al3+, Fe3+, Zn2+, SnCl2, TiO2 and WO4 2- in water, with special emphasis on the chemical changes produced along the process. Overall, three series of samples were obtained by first soaking at 80 ºC and oven-drying at 120 ºC (S1) and by subsequent heating at 200 ºC (S2) or 850 ºC (S3) in N2 atmosphere ...


Electrochemically modified carbon materials for applications in electrocatalysis and biosensors

pp. 27-29

C. González-Gaitán

Objectives and Novelty: The present work focused in the functionalization of nanostructured carbon materials for their application as electrocatalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction at the cathode of fuel cells and as transducer elements in electrochemical biosensors ...


Doped carbon material electrodes for energy applications

pp. 30-31

A.C. Ramírez-Pérez

Objectives and Novelty: Carbon materials have many advantages such as lightweight, chemical stability, electrical conductivity and both porosity and surface chemistry that can be tailored. These materials play an important role in devices for generation and storage of energy, like fuel cells and supercapacitors ...


 

 
BOL. GRUPO ESPAÑOL CARBÓN, 41, 2016
 

Editorial

pp. 1

Joaquin Coronas Ceresuela - Mª Jesús Lázaro Elorri - Isabel Suelves Laiglesia - Carlos Téllez Ariso

El desarrollo de materiales nanoestructurados con aplicaciones en procesos de conversión y almacenamiento de energía es uno de los avances fundamentales requeridos para hacer frente a los actuales retos energéticos ...


Del carbón activo al grafeno: Evolución de los materiales de carbono

pp. 2-5

R. Moliner

Abstract: Carbon materials are known since prehistory and since then, they have continuously evolved to provide solutions to the technological needs that have emerged in every age, although it has been in the last 25 years when they have experienced a more intense development ...


El grafeno: química y aplicaciones
Chemistry and aplications of graphene

pp. 6-8

E. Muñoz

Resumen: Las propiedades estructurales y físicas únicas y extraordinarias del grafeno, así como su rica química justifican el interés que ha despertado este material tanto a nivel de ciencia básica como para el desarrollo de nuevos dispositivos y productos basados en ellos ...


Fotocatálisis: nanomateriales para combatir la contaminación y obtener energía
Photocatalysis: nanomaterials for pollution abatement and energy production

pp. 9-11

M. Faraldos Izquierdo

Resumen: El proceso fotocatalítico, basado en la generación, separación y migración de pares electrón-hueco cuando se irradia un semiconductor, tiene múltiples aplicaciones para tratamientos de descontaminación del medio ambiente (aguas, aire urbano, suelos), síntesis de compuestos de alto valor añadido u obtención de energía mediante celdas solares ...


Electrocatalizadores para pilas de combustible de membrana polimérica
Electrocatalysts for polymer membrane fuel cells

pp. 12-14

M.V. Martínez Huerta

Resumen: Las pilas de combustible de membrana polimérica (PEMFC) representan unas de las tecnologías claves para poder afrontar dos grandes dificultades a los que se enfrenta nuestra sociedad actual, la escasez de energía y los problemas medioambientales ...


Nanomateriales de carbono: aplicación en baterías de ión-litio
Carbon nanomaterials: application in lithium-ion batteries

pp. 15-18

I. Cameán Martínez

Abstract: Graphitic carbon nanomaterials such as carbon nanotubes, carbon nanofibers and graphene are potential candidates for replacing micrometic graphite as active material in anodes of lithium-ion batteries ...


MOFs: Propiedades y aplicación en separaciones más eficientes
MOFs: Properties and application in more efficient separations

pp. 19-22

S. Sorribas, C. Téllez

Resumen: El estudio de los compuestos metal-orgánicos MOFs ha experimentado un rápido crecimiento en las últimas dos décadas debido a sus interesantes propiedades: flexibilidad en cuanto al diseño y funcionalización de sus poros, elevada superficie específica y síntesis menos complejas, entre otras ...


Aplicaciones energéticas de los materiales laminares
Energy applications of layered materials

pp. 23-25

C. Rubioa, J. Coronasa

Abstract: Layered materials, as layered silicates or transition metal chalcogenides, because of their structure consisting of sheets and multiple configurations of their derivatives (sometimes as swollen, pillared and delaminated materials) open a wide range of applications in the field of energy such as the fabrication of mixed matrix membranes for hydrogen purification and storage and hydrogen generation ...


Allanando el camino hacia la producción de biocombustibles de segunda generación
Paving the way to the production of second generation biofuels

pp. 26-30

A. Veses, T. García

Resumen: En este trabajo se presenta una visión sobre los avances y las pautas a seguir en la mejora de los bioaceites obtenidos a partir de la pirólisis de biomasa de origen lignocelulósico para la producción de biocombustibles de segunda generación. Uno de los procesos que está despertando un mayor interés es el craqueo catalítico con zeolitas, debido a que es un proceso que se lleva a cabo a temperaturas moderadas, presión atmosférica y sin aporte externo de hidrógeno ...


Advanced carbon materials for gas storage and space cryocoolers applications
Materiales carbonosos avanzados para el almacenamiento de gases y aplicaciones espaciales

pp. 31-34

D. Lozano-Castelló

Abstract: Performance of advanced carbon materials in two applications, storage of H2 and space cryocoolers are reported, concluding that carbon material properties must be designed for the adsorption of the corresponding gas (H2 and He) at high pressures and different temperatures. Results shown here remark the importance of optimizing the porous texture (mainly the micropore volume and the micropore size distribution) and density of the materials for achieving high capacities in gravimetric basis, and volumetric, respectively (in all cases the adsorbent is confined in a limited volume) ...

 

 
BOL. GRUPO ESPAÑOL CARBÓN, 40, 2016
 

Editorial

pp. 2

Ana Sofia Mestre - Margarida Galhetas - Marta Amaral Andrade

The fruitful relation between the Spanish and Portuguese scientific communities working in the field of carbon materials is a well-established reality. As part of a younger generation of researchers in the field of carbon materials, we were very honoured to receive the invitation of Professor F. Maldonado to be Invited Editors of this 40th issue of the Boletín del Grupo Español del Carbón ...

 

Carbon Nanomaterials-based modified electrodes for Electrocatalysis
Electrodos modificados con base en Nanomateriales de Carbono para Electrocatálisis

pp. 9-12

D. M. Fernandes, M. Nunes, M. P. Araújo

Abstract: Since their discovery, carbon nanomaterials have been attracting considerable experimental and theoretical interest because of their unique structures and properties which make them suitable and very attractive for a great number of applications in several research fields. Additionally, the possibility of chemical modification/functionalization broadens their utility and gives rise to favourable electrocatalytic properties with regard to several electrochemical processes ...

 

Carbon aerogels used in carbon dioxide capture
Aerogeles de carbono utilizados en la captura de dióxido de carbono

pp. 9-12

L.M. Marque*, P.J.M. Carrott, M.M.L. Ribeiro Carrott

Abstract: In this work the maximum carbon dioxide adsorption capacity of carbon aerogels, obtained by a sol-gel process using 2,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid/formaldehyde (DHBAF) and resorcinol/formaldehyde (RF) as precursors, was studied. The effect of increasing the temperature of carbonization and physical activation of the samples DHBAF was also studied. ...

 

MUsing activated carbon based technologies for the removal of emerging contaminants from water/wastewater – UQTA (LNEC) Projects
El uso de tecnologias basadas en carbón activo para la eliminación de contaminantes emergentes de aguas/aguas residuales – Proyectos UQTA (LNEC)

pp. 13-17

M. Campinas, E. Mesquita, R.M.C. Viegas, M.J. Rosa

Abstract: An overview is presented on the projects that are being carried out by Water Quality and Treatment Laboratory team of LNEC which uses activated carbon based technologies for treating water or wastewater. Emphasis is given to the chemical enhancement of conventional wastewater treatment using "green" powdered activated carbon options, hybrid adsorption/ membrane processes or biologically active carbon (BAC) filtration which are considered promising options for upgrading the water/wastewater treatment plants for controlling emerging contaminants such as pharmaceuticals, pesticides and cyanotoxins. ...

 

Critical discussion on activated carbons from bio - wastes - environmental risk assessment
Un análisis crítico del uso de carbones activados obtenidos a partir de bioresiduos – evaluación de riesgos medioambientales

pp. 18-21

M. Bernardo, N. Lapa, I. Matos, I. Fonseca

Abstract: The use of bio-wastes as precursor materials to prepare porous activated carbons have gained much attention in recent years, mainly due to their abundancy and low cost. Particularly, it has been registered an increasing interest in these waste-derived materials for environmental applications, particularly as adsorbents for water treatment ...

 

Micropore size distribution of activated carbons: a key factor for a deeper understanding of the adsorption mechanism of pharmaceuticals
Distribución de tamaño de microporos en carbones activados: un factor clave para una comprensión más profunda del mecanismo de adsorción de productos farmacéuticos

pp. 22-27

A. S. Mestre, M. Galhetas, M. A. Andrade

Abstract: The elucidation of the pore structure of activated carbons requires complementary adsorption data and is of fundamental importance for the comprehension of the adsorption mechanism of organic molecules, as is the case of pharmaceutical compounds. The present work reports studies developed in the Adsorption and Adsorbent Materials Group highlighting the contribution of the micropore size distribution (MPSD), obtained from the fitting of CO2 adsorption data, for the deeper understanding of kinetic and equilibrium adsorption data of pharmaceutical compounds with distinct dimensions and behaviours in solution ...

 

When carbon meets light: synergistic effect between carbon nanomaterials and metal oxide semiconductors for photocatalytic applications
Cuando el carbón conoce la luz: efecto sinérgico entre nanomateriales de carbón y semiconductores de óxidos metálicos para aplicaciones fotocatalíticas

pp. 28-35

C. G. Silva, L. M. Pastrana-Martinez, S. Morales-Torres

Abstract: Activated carbon based materials and more recently, nanostructured carbon materials namely, fullerenes, nanotubes, nanodiamonds and graphene, have been the focus of intensive research for application in nanotechnology. In the field of photocatalysis, carbon materials have been combined with conventional semiconductors as carbon/inorganic composites seeking for synergies resulting from the coupling of both phases ...

 

Development of carbon materials as metal catalyst supports and metal-free catalysts for catalytic reduction of ions and advanced oxidation processes
Desarrollo de materiales de carbono como soporte de catalizadores metálicos o catalizadores libres de metal para la reducción catalítica de iones o procesos de oxidación avanzada

pp. 36-41

O. Salomé, G. P. Soares

Abstract: The versatility of carbon materials as metal supports as well as metal-free catalysts for environmental applications is presented, highlighting some of the work carried out at the Laboratory of Catalysis and Materials (LCM), which focuses on carbon materials and catalysis as its main research areas ...

 

Functional Carbon-Based Nanomaterials for Energy Storage: Towards Smart Textile Supercapacitors
Nanomateriales basados en carbones funcionalizados para almacenamiento de energía. Hacia supercapacitadores de tejidos inteligentes

pp. 42-48

C. Pereira and A. M. Pereira

Abstract: Hybrid supercapacitors emerged as an eco-friendly technology to address the grand challenge of sustainable and efficient energy storage. Functional carbon-based nanomaterials are promising building blocks for the design of advanced electrodes for this type of supercapacitors ...

 

RESEÑA: Biogas valorisation through catalytic decomposition to produce synthesis gas and carbon nanofibres

pp. 49-50

S. de Llobet Cucalón Presented in 2015

Objectives and Novelty: Traditionally, biogas has been considered a non-value by-product which was generally burned in flares. Most recently, different alternatives for biogas utilization have been proposed such as heat, electricity or biomethane production. However, from an economical point of view, the aforementioned applications depend on government feed in tariff and therefore renewable energy producers face an unstable scenario ...

 

 

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